Recommendation-CIPM-2015-2

Recommendation 2 of the 104th CIPM (2015)

Updates to the list of standard frequencies

The International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM),

considering

  • a common list of “Recommended values of standard frequencies for applications including the practical realization of the metre and secondary representations of the second” has been established,
  • the CCL-CCTF Frequency Standards Working Group (WGFS) has reviewed several candidates for updating the list,

recommends

that the following transition frequencies shall be updated in the list of recommended values of standard frequencies:

  • the unperturbed optical transition 6s2 1S0 – 6s6p 3P0 of the 199Hg neutral atom with a frequency of f199Hg = 1 128 575 290 808 154.8 Hz and an estimated relative standard uncertainty of 6 × 10–16;
  • the unperturbed optical transition 6s 2S½ – 4f13 6s2 2F7/2 of the 171Yb+ ion with a frequency of f171Yb+ (octupole) = 642 121 496 772 645.0 Hz and an estimated relative standard uncertainty of 6 × 10–16 (this radiation is already endorsed by the CIPM as a secondary representation of the second);
  • the unperturbed optical transition 6s 2S½ (F = 0, mF = 0) – 5d 2D3/2 (F = 2, mF = 0) of the 171Yb+ f171Yb+ (quadrupole) = 688 358 979 309 308.3 Hz and an estimated relative standard uncertainty of 6 × 10–16 (this radiation is already endorsed by the CIPM as a secondary representation of the second);
  • the unperturbed optical transition 5s 2S½ – 4d 2D5/2 of the 88Sr+ ion with a frequency of f88Sr+ = 444 779 044 095 486.6 Hz and an estimated relative standard uncertainty of 1.6 × 10–15 (this radiation is already endorsed by the CIPM as a secondary representation of the second);
  • the unperturbed optical transition 4s 2S½ – 3d 2D5/2 of the 40Ca+ ion with a frequency of f40Ca+ = 411 042 129 776 398.4 Hz and an estimated relative standard uncertainty of 1.2 × 10–14;
  • the unperturbed optical transition 1S – 2S of the 1H neutral atom with a frequency of f1H = 1 233 030 706 593 514 Hz and an estimated relative standard uncertainty of 9 × 10–15.

    Note: This frequency corresponds to half of the energy difference between the 1S and 2S states;

  • the unperturbed optical transition 5s2 1S 0 – 5s5p 3P 0 of the 87Sr neutral atom with a frequency of f87Sr = 429 228 004 229 873.2 Hz and an estimated relative standard uncertainty of 5 × 10–16 (this radiation is already endorsed by the CIPM as a secondary representation of the second);
  • the unperturbed optical transition 6s2 1S0 – 6s6p 3P0 of the 171Yb neutral atom with a frequency of f171Yb = 518 295 836 590 864.0 Hz and an estimated relative standard uncertainty of 2 × 10–15 (this radiation is already endorsed by the CIPM as a secondary representation of the second);
  • the unperturbed ground-state hyperfine transition of 87Rb with a frequency of f87Rb = 6 834 682 610.904 310 Hz and an estimated relative standard uncertainty of 7 × 10–16 (this radiation is already endorsed by the CIPM as a secondary representation of the second).

and also recommends

that the following transition frequencies shall be included in the list of recommended values of standard frequencies:

  • Absorbing molecule 127I2, saturated absorption a1 component, R(36) 32-0 transition.

    The values

    fa1 = 564 074 632.42 MHz
    λa1 = 531 476 582.65 fm


    with an estimated relative standard uncertainty of 1 × 10–10 apply to the radiation of a frequency-doubled diode DFB laser, stabilized with an iodine cell external to the laser.


  • Absorbing atom 87Rb 5S1/2 - 5P3/2 crossover between the d and f hyperfine components of the saturated absorption at 780 nm (D2 transition)

    The values

    fd/f crossover = 384 227 981.9 MHz
    λd/f crossover = 780 246 291.6 fm


    with an estimated relative standard uncertainty of 5 × 10–10 apply to the radiation of a tunable External Cavity Diode Laser, stabilized to the d/f crossover in a rubidium cell external to the laser.

    Note: The value of the standard uncertainty is assumed to correspond to a confidence level of 68 %. However, given the limited availability of data there is a possibility that in hindsight this might not prove to be exact.

reference The reader should note that the official version of this Resolution is the French text

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