Resolution 1 of the 13th CGPM (1967)
SI unit of time (second)
The 13th Conférence Générale des Poids et Mesures (CGPM),
- that the definition of the second adopted by the Comité International des Poids et Mesures (CIPM) in 1956
(Resolution 1)and ratified by Resolution 9of the 11th CGPM(1960), later upheld by Resolution 5of the 12th CGPM(1964), is inadequate for the present needs of metrology,
- that at its meeting of 1964 the Comité International des Poids et Mesures (CIPM), empowered by
Resolution 5of the 12th CGPM(1964), recommended, in order to fulfil these requirements, a caesium atomic frequency standard for temporary use,
- that this frequency standard has now been sufficiently tested and found sufficiently accurate to provide a definition of the second fulfilling present requirements,
- that the time has now come to replace the definition now in force of the unit of time of the Système International d'Unités by an atomic definition based on that standard,
- The SI unit of time is the second defined as follows:
"The second is the duration of
9 192 631 770periods of the radiation corresponding to the transition between the two hyperfine levels of the ground state of the caesium 133atom"; Resolution 1adopted by the CIPM at its meeting of 1956 and Resolution 9of the 11th CGPMare now abrogated.
At its 1997 meeting, the CIPM affirmed that this definition refers to a caesium atom at rest at a thermodynamic temperature of
This definition of the second was abrogated in 2018 by the 26th CGPM (Resolution 1), which became effective in 2019.