– the intergovernmental organization through which Member States act together
     on matters related to measurement science and measurement standards.
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The BIPM watt balance: general concept

The international metrology community renamed their moving-coil watt balances as 'Kibble balances' in honour of the pioneering work in this field by Dr Bryan Kibble, following his death in 2016.

Most Kibble balances operate in two distinct measurement phases – weighing and moving – so measurement accuracy could be limited by variations in the environmental and experimental conditions between the two phases. The main novelty of the BIPM Kibble balance is its implementation of simultaneous weighing and moving measurement phases, in addition to the conventional approach. The great advantage of this simultaneous measurement is to guarantee that the geometric properties of the coil, the coil orientation and the magnetic field, acting in both phases are strictly the same. The simultaneous method hence makes the experiment less sensitive to changes in magnetic field and alignment when compared to a two-phase Kibble balance. In addition, a comparison of measurements carried out using the conventional and the BIPM simultaneous approach may provide a better understanding of the limiting factors and possibly reveal some unexpected effects unique to each technique.

The BIPM watt balance