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Laboratories, committees and conferences
AACC American Association for Clinical Chemistry (United States of America)
AAEC Australian Atomic Energy Commission, Sutherland (Australia) --see ANSTO
AAPT American Association of Physics Teachers, College Park MD (United States of America)
AATN Asociación Argentina de Tecnología Nuclear (Argentina)
ACS American Chemical Society (United States of America)
ADWG Working Group on Accelerator Dosimetry
AECL Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (Canada)
AGAL* Australian Government Analytical Laboratories (Australia) --see NMIA
AIST National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (Japan)
AMMAC Asociación Mexicana de Metrología, A.C. (Mexico)
ANSTO Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Menai (Australia)
AOA Allen Osborne Associates Inc.
AOAC International Association of Analytical Communities
AOS Astrogeodynamical Observatory, Borowiec (Poland)
APL Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, Laurel (United States of America)
APMP Asia Pacific Metrology Programme
APMP/TCRI Asia Pacific Metrology Programme, Technical Committee on Ionizing Radiation
ARC Austrian Research Center, Seibersdorf (Austria)
AREPA AREPA Test and Kalibrering A/S, Silkeborg (Denmark)
ARL* Australian Radiation Laboratory, Yallambie (Australia) --see ARPANSA
ARPANSA (formerly the ARL) Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency, Yallambie (Australia)
ASTM ASTM International
AUS Consortium of laboratories in Australia (Australia)
BAM Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung, Berlin (Germany)
BARC Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai (India)
BCR Community Bureau of Reference of the Commission of the European Communities
BCRU British Committee on Radiological Units (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
BEV Bundesamt für Eich- und Vermessungswesen, Vienna (Austria)
BIH* Bureau International de l'Heure
BIM Bulgarian Institute of Metrology, Sofia (Bulgaria)
BIML International Bureau of Legal Metrology/Bureau International de Métrologie Légale
BIPM International Bureau of Weights and Measures/Bureau International des Poids et Mesures
BIRM Beijing Institute of Radio Metrology and Measurement, Beijing (China)
BMZ Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (Germany)
BNM* Bureau National de Métrologie, Paris (France) --see LNE
BNM-INM* Bureau National de Métrologie, Institut National de Métrologie, Paris (France) --see LNE-INM/Cnam
BNM-LNE* Bureau National de Métrologie, Laboratoire National d'Essais, Paris (France) --see LNE
BNM-LNHB* (formerly the BNM-LPRI) Bureau National de Métrologie, Laboratoire National Henri Becquerel, Gif-sur-Yvette (France) --see LNE-LNHB
BNM-LPRI* Bureau National de Métrologie, Laboratoire Primaire des Rayonnements Ionisants, Saclay (France) --see LNE-LNHB
BNM-LPTF* Bureau National de Métrologie, Laboratoire Primaire du Temps et des Fréquences, Paris (France) --see LNE-SYRTE
BNM-SYRTE* Bureau National de Métrologie, Systèmes de Référence Temps Espace, Observatoire de Paris (OP) (France) --see LNE-SYRTE
BRGM Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières, Paris (France)
CAO Cagliari Astronomical Observatory (Italy) --see SAC
CASCO Committee on Conformity Assessment
CC Consultative Committee (of the CIPM)
CCAUV Consultative Committee for Acoustics, Ultrasound and Vibration/Comité Consultatif de l'Acoustique, des Ultrasons et des Vibrations
CCDM* Consultative Committee for the Definition of the Metre/ Comité Consultatif pour la Définition du Mètre --see CCL
CCDS* Consultative Committee for the Definition of the Second/ Comité Consultatif pour la Définition de la Seconde --see CCTF
CCE* Consultative Committee for Electricity/Comité Consultatif d'Électricité --see CCEM
CCEM (formerly the CCE) Consultative Committee for Electricity and Magnetism/Comité Consultatif d'Électricité et Magnétisme
CCEMRI* Consultative Committee for Standards of Ionizing Radiation/Comité Consultatif pour les Étalons de Mesure des Rayonnements Ionisants --see CCRI
CCIR International Radio Consultative Committee/Comité Consultatif International des Radiocommunications (permanent body of ITU) --see ITU-R
CCL (formerly the CCDM) Consultative Committee for Length/ Comité Consultatif des Longueurs
CCM Consultative Committee for Mass and Related Quantities/ Comité Consultatif pour la Masse et les Grandeurs Apparentées
CCPR Consultative Committee for Photometry and Radiometry/Comité Consultatif de Photométrie et Radiométrie
CCQM Consultative Committee for Amount of Substance/Comité Consultatif pour la Quantité de Matière
CCRI (formerly the CCEMRI) Consultative Committee for Ionizing Radiation/Comité Consultatif des Rayonnements Ionisants
CCT Consultative Committee for Thermometry/Comité Consultatif de Thermométrie
CCTF (formerly the CCDS) Consultative Committee for Time and Frequency/Comité Consultatif du Temps et des Fréquences
CCU Consultative Committee for Units/Comité Consultatif des Unités
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (United States of America)
CEA French Atomic Agency Commission, Paris and Saclay (France)
CEA-CESTA Centre d'Études Scientifiques et Techniques d'Aquitaine, CEA, Le Barp (France)
CEM Centro Español de Metrología, Madrid (Spain)
CENAM Centro Nacional de Metrologia, Querétaro (Mexico)
CENAMEP Centro Nacional de Metrología de Panamá (Panama)
CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva (Switzerland)
CGGTTS CCTF Working Group on GPS and GLONASS Time Transfer Standards
CGPM General Conference on Weights and Measures/ Conférence Générale des Poids et Mesures
CHMI Czech Hydrometeorological Institute (Czech Republic)
CIAE Chinese Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing (China)
CIATEC Centro de Investigación y Asesoría Tecnológica en Cuero y Calzado, A.C (Mexico)
CIE International Commission on Illumination/Commission Internationale de l'Éclairage
CIEMAT Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas, Madrid (Spain)
CIMO Commission for Instruments and Methods of Observations
CIPM International Committee for Weights and Measures/ Comité International des Poids et Mesures
CITAC Cooperation on International Traceability in Analytical Chemistry
CLEO Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics
CMI Ceský Metrologický Institut/Czech Metrology Institute, Prague and Brno (Czech Republic)
CMI-IIR CMI Inspectorate for Ionizing Radiation, Prague and Brno (Czech Republic)
CMS-ITRI Centre for Measurement Standards of the Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu (Chinese Taipei)
CNAM Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers, Paris (France)
CNEA Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, Buenos Aires (Argentina)
CNES Centre National d'Études Spatiales, Toulouse (France)
CNFGG Comité National Français de Géodésie et Géophysique (France)
CNR Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Turin (Italy)
CNR-IMGC Istituto di Metrologia "G. Colonnetti", CNR, Turin (Italy) --see INRIM
CNRS Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris (France)
CODATA Committee on Data for Science and Technology
CONICET Argentine Council of Research (Argentina)
CONICET Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (Argentina)
COOMET Cooperation in Metrology among the Central European Countries
COPOLCO Committee on Consumer Policy
COPUOS United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space
CORM Council for Optical Radiation Measurements (United States of America)
CPC Conventions Product Centre of the IERS
CPEM Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements
CRL* Communications Research Laboratory, Tokyo (Japan) --see NICT
CRRD Centro Regional de Referencia para la Dosimetria, Buenos Aires (Argentina)
CSAO Shaanxi Astronomical Observatory, Lintong (China)
CSIR-NML* Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, National Metrology Laboratory, Pretoria (South Africa) --see NMISA
CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Lindfield (Australia)
DANIAMET Metrological organization of Danish primary and reference laboratories (Denmark)
DANOF Département d'Astronomie Fondamentale de l'Observatoire de Paris (France) --see BNM-SYRTE*
DDEP Decay Data Evaluation Project
DFM Danish Institute of Fundamental Metrology, Lyngby) (Denmark)
DPLA Danish Primary Laboratory for Acoustics, Naerum (Denmark)
DTAG Deutsche Telekom AG, Darmstadt (Germany)
DTI Danish Technological Institute/Teknologisk Institut (Denmark)
DTU Technical University of Denmark/Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (Denmark)
ECBS WHO Expert Committee on Biological Standardization
ECNU East China Normal University, Shanghai (China)
EDMA European Diagnostic Manufacturers Association
EFTF European Frequency and Time Forum
EMPA Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, St Gall (Switzerland)
ENEA Ente per le Nuove Tecnologie, l'Energia e l'Ambiente, Rome (Italy)
ENEA-INMRI ENEA Istituto Nazionale di Metrologia delle Radiazioni Ionizzanti, Rome (Italy)
ENS École Normale Supérieure, Paris (France)
ENSAM École Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers, Paris (France)
EQALM European Committee for External Quality Assurance Programmes in Laboratory Medicine
ERLAP European Reference Laboratory for Air Pollution, European Commission
ESA European Space Agency
ESM École Supérieure de Métrologie, Paris (France)
ETF Elektrotehnicki Fakultet/Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Zagreb (Croatia)
ETH Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule/Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich (Switzerland)
ETL* Electrotechnical Laboratory, Tsukuba (Japan) --see AIST
EU European Union
EUROMET European Collaboration in Measurement Standards
EXHM/GSCL-EIM National Laboratory of Chemical Metrology/General Chemical State Laboratory - Hellenic Institute of Metrology (Greece)
FBMPM Federal Bureau of Measures and Precious Metals --see ZMDM
FCS Frequency Control Symposium
FDA Food and Drug Administration (United States of America)
FSB Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture (Croatia)
Gosstandart of Russia Gosstandart of Russia, Moscow (Russian Federation) --see Rostekhregulirovaniye
GREX Groupe de Recherche du CNRS: Gravitation et Expériences (France)
GSD Geodetic Survey Division of Canada, Ottawa (Canada)
GT-RF CCEM Working Group on Radiofrequency Quantities/ Groupe de Travail du CCEM pour les Grandeurs aux Radiofréquences
GUM Glówny Urzad Miar/Central Office of Measures, Warsaw (Poland)
HECTEF HECTEF Standard Reference Center Foundation Ltd. (Japan)
HIRCL Hellenic Ionizing Radiation Calibration Laboratory, Athens (Greece)
HKO Hong Kong Observatory (Hong Kong (China))
HUT Helsinki University of Technology, Helsinki (Finland) --see TKK
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
IAF International Accreditation Forum
IAU International Astronomical Union
ICAG International Conference of Absolute Gravimeters
ICE Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad, San José (Costa Rica)
ICNIRP International Committee for Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection
ICRM International Committee for Radionuclide Metrology
ICRU International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements
ICTNS IUPAC Interdivisional Committee on Terminology, Nomenclature and Symbols
IDCNS IUPAC Interdivisional Committee on Nomenclature and Symbols (IDCNS) --see ICTNS
IDF International Dairy Federation
IEC International Electrotechnical Commission
IEC/TC 25 International Electrotechnical Commission, Technical Committee 25: Quantities and units, and their letter symbols
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway NJ (United States of America)
IEN* Istituto Elettrotecnico Nazionale "Galileo Ferraris", Turin (Italy) --see INRIM
IERS International Earth Rotation Service
IFA-CSIC Instituto de Física Aplicada, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Madrid (Spain)
IFCC International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine
IFIN-HH "Horia Hulubei" National Institute of Research and Development for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest (Romania)
IGEX International GLONASS Experiment
IGLOS-PP International GLONASS Service Pilot Project
IGM Instituto Geográfico Militar, Buenos Aires (Argentina)
IGS International GPS Service for Geodynamics
IIK (formerly the IRK) Institut für Isotopenforschung und Kernphysik, Vienna (Austria)
ILAC International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation
ILOAT Administrative Tribunal of the International Labour Organization
ILP Institute of Laser Physics, Academy of Sciences of Russia, Novosibirsk and St Petersburg (Russian Federation)
ILP SOI Institute of Laser Physics, S.I. Vavilov State Optical Institute, St Petersburg (Russian Federation)
IMEKO International Measurement Confederation
IMEP International Measurement Evaluation Programme
iMERA implementing Metrology in the European Research Area
INEP Institute for the Application of Nuclear Energy
ININ Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Mexico (Mexico)
INM National Institute of Metrology, Bucharest (Romania)
INM* Institut National de Métrologie, Paris (France) --see BNM-INM*
INMETRO Instituto Nacional de Metrologia, Normalizaçao e Qualidade Industrial, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
INMS NRC -- see NRC-INMS (Canada)
INPL National Physical Laboratory of Israel, Jerusalem (Israel)
INRIM Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (Italy)
INSTN Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucléaires, CEA, Paris (France)
INTA Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial, Madrid (Spain)
INTEC Corporación de Investigación Tecnológico de Chile, Santiago (Chile)
INTELSAT International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
INTI Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Industrial, Buenos Aires (Argentina)
INTiBS-PAN Instytut Niskich Temperatur i Badan Strukturalnych, Polska Akademia Nauk, Warsaw (Poland)
IOMP International Organization for Medical Physics
ION Institute of Navigation, Alexandria VA (United States of America)
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPHT Institut für Physikalische Hochtechnologie e.V., Jena (Germany)
IPL Institut for Produktion og Ledelse, DTU/ Department of Manufacturing Engineering and Management, DTU (Denmark)
IPQ Instituto Português da Qualidade, Lisbon (Portugal)
IPSN* Institut de Protection et de Sûreté Nucléaire, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France) --see IRSN
IRA Institut de Radiophysique Appliquée, Lausanne (Switzerland)
IRAC UK Health and Safety Commission Ionizing Radiation Advisory Committee (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
IRD Instituto de Radioproteção e Dosimetria, Rio de Janiero (see also LNMRI/IRD) (Brazil)
IREE Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (Czech Republic)
IRI-TNO Institute of Applied Radiobiology and Immunology, Centre for Radiological Protection and Dosimetry, Rijswijk, see TNO (Netherlands)
IRK* Institut für Radiumforschung und Kernphysik, Vienna (Austria) --see IIK
IRMM Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements, European Commission
IRPA International Radiation Protection Association
IRSN Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France)
ISCIII Instituto de Salud Carlos III (Spain)
ISI Innovative Solutions International (United States of America)
ISO International Organization for Standardization
ISO/TC 12 ISO Technical Committee 12: Quantities, units, conversion factors
ISO-REMCO International Organization for Standardization, Committee on Reference Materials
ISS International Space Station
ITU International Telecommunication Union
ITU-R ITU Radiocommunications Sector
IUGG International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics
IUPAC International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
IUPAP International Union of Pure and Applied Physics
IVS International VLBI Service
JAERI Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Kashiwa (Japan)
JCDCMAS Joint Committee on coordination of assistance to Developing Countries in Metrology, Accreditation and Standardization
JCGM Joint Committee for Guides in Metrology
JCR BIPM/IAU Joint Committee on General Relativity for Space-time Reference Systems and Metrology
JCRB Joint Committee of the Regional Metrology Organizations and the BIPM
JCTLM Joint Committee for Traceability in Laboratory Medicine
JILA JILA (formerly Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics), Boulder CO (United States of America)
JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Ca (United States of America)
JQA Japan Quality Assurance Organization (Japan)
JV Justervesenet, Kjeller (Norway)
KazInMetr Kazakhstan Institute of Metrology (Kazakhstan)
KazInSt Kazakhstan Institute of Standardization and Certification (Kazakhstan)
KAZMEMST Committee for Technical Regulation and Metrology of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan)
KEBS Kenya Bureau of Standards
KEC Kansai Electronic Industry Development Center (Japan)
KOL Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratorium, Leiden (Netherlands)
KRISS Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon (Republic of Korea)
LACOMET Laboratorio Costarricense de Metrología (Costa Rica)
LAMA Laboratoire André Marie Ampère, Fontenay aux Roses (France)
LATU Laboratorio Tecnológico del Uruguay (Uruguay)
LCIE Laboratoire Central des Industries Électriques, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France)
LEP* Laboratoire d'Électronique Philips, Limeil-Brévannes (France) --see OMMIC
LGC LGC (formerly Laboratory of the Government Chemist), Teddington (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
LHA Laboratoire de l'Horloge Atomique, Orsay (France)
LNE Laboratoire National de Métrologie et d'Essais, Paris (France)
LNEC Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil, Lisbon (Portugal)
LNE-INM/Cnam Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers/Institut National de Métrologie, Paris (France)
LNE-LNHB Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique/Laboratoire National Henri Becquerel, Saclay (France)
LNE-SYRTE Observatoire de Paris/Systèmes de Référence Temps-Espace, Paris (France)
LNHB* Laboratoire National Henri Becquerel, Gif-sur-Yvette (France) --see BNM-LNHB*
LNMRI/IRD Laboratório Nacional de Metrologia das Radiaçoes Ionizantes, Instituto de Radioproteção e Dosimetria, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
LPL Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers, Villetaneuse (France)
LPMO Laboratoire de Physique et de Métrologie des Oscillateurs, Besançon (France)
LPRI* Laboratoire Primaire des Rayonnements Ionisants, Saclay (France) --see BNM-LNHB*
LPTF* Laboratoire Primaire du Temps et des Fréquences, Paris (France) --see BNM-LPTF*
LSCE Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et l'Environnement, Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
MAC UK Department of Trade and Industry Measurement Advisory Committee (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
MEL Mechanical Engineering Laboratory (Japan) --see AIST
MENAMET Middle East and Northern Africa Metrology Organization
METAS Federal Office of Metrology, Wabern (Switzerland)
METI Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Tokyo (Japan)
MIKES Mittatekniikan Keskus/Centre for Metrology and Accreditation, Helsinki (Finland)
MIRS Metrology Institute of the Republic of Slovenia (Slovenia)
MKEH Hungarian Trade Licensing Office (Hungary)
MSL Measurement Standards Laboratory of New Zealand, Lower Hutt (New Zealand)
NAC National Accelerator Centre, Faure (South Africa)
NAO National Astronomical Observatory, Misuzawa (Japan)
NARL* National Analytical Reference Laboratory, Canberra and Pymble (Australia) --see NMIA
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington DC (United States of America)
NBS* National Bureau of Standards (United States of America) --see NIST
NCM* National Centre of Metrology, Sofia (Bulgaria) --see BIM
NCSL* National Conference of Standards Laboratories (United States of America) --see NCSLI
NCSLI NCSL International
NEWRAD New Developments and Applications in Optical Radiometry Conference
NIBSC UK National Institute for Biological Standards and Control, Herts. (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
NIBSC National Institute for Biological Standards and Control (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
NIBSC National Institute for Biological Standards and Control (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
NICT National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (Japan)
NIES National Institute for Environmental Studies, Ibaraki (Japan)
NILU Norwegian Institute for Air Research (Norway)
NIM National Institute of Metrology, Beijing (China)
NIMC* National Institute of Material and Chemical Research, Tsukuba (Japan) --see AIST
NIMT National Institute of Metrology (Thailand)
NINT National Institute for Nanotechnology, Edmonton (Canada)
NIS National Institute for Standards, Cairo (Egypt)
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg and Boulder (United States of America)
NIST AML NIST Advanced Measurements Laboratory (United States of America)
NITE National Institute of Technology and Evaluation, Tokyo (Japan)
NMIA National Measurement Institute (Australia)
NMIJ/AIST National Metrology Institute of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba (Japan)
NMISA National Metrology Institute of South Africa (South Africa)
NMi-VSL Nederlands Meetinstituut, Van Swinden Laboratorium, Delft (Netherlands)
NML National Metrology Laboratory, Dublin (Ireland)
NML CSIRO* National Measurement Laboratory, CSIRO, Lindfield (Australia) --see NMIA
NML* National Measurement Laboratory, Lindfield (Australia) --see NML CSIRO*
NML-SIRIM National Metrology Laboratory, SIRIM Berhad (Malaysia)
NPL National Physical Laboratory, Teddington (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
NPLI National Physical Laboratory of India, New Delhi (India)
NRC National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa (Canada)
NRCCRM * National Research Centre for Certified Reference Materials, Beijing (China) --see NIM
NRC-INMS Institute for National Measurement Standards, NRC, Ottawa (Canada)
NRL Naval Research Laboratory, Washington DC (United States of America)
NRLM* National Research Laboratory of Metrology, Tsukuba (Japan) --see NMIJ/AIST
NSC National Standards Commission (Australia) --see NMIA
NTSC National Time Service Center (China)
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OFMET* Office Fédéral de Métrologie, Wabern (Switzerland) --see METAS
OIML International Organization of Legal Metrology/Organisation Internationale de Métrologie Légale
OMH Országos Mérésugyi Hivatal, Budapest (Hungary) --see MKEH
OMMIC (formerly the LEP) Limeil-Brévannes (France)
OMP Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées, Toulouse (France)
ON Observatoire Cantonal de Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel (Switzerland)
ON Observatório Nacional, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
ONBA Observatorio Naval, Buenos Aires (Argentina)
ONERA Office National d'Études et de Recherches Aérospatiales, Châtillon (France)
ONNUM National Office of Standards and Units of Measure/Oficina nacional de normas y unidades de medida (Costa Rica) --see LACOMET
OP Observatoire de Paris (France)
ORB Observatoire Royal de Belgique, Brussels (Belgium)
PAHO Pan American Health Organization, Washington DC (United States of America)
PITTCON Pittsburgh Conference
PMOD/WRC Physikalisch-Meteorologisches Observatorium Davos, World Radiation Center, Davos (Switzerland)
PSB* Singapore Productivity and Standards Board, Singapore (Singapore) --see SPRING Singapore
PTB Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig and Berlin (Germany)
PTTI Precise Time and Time Interval Applications and Planning Meeting
RC Radioisotope Centre, Otwock (Poland)
RCMA* IAU Working Group on Relativity for Celestial Mechanics and Astrometry --see RCMAM
RCMAM IAU Working Group on Relativity for Celestial Mechanics, Astrometry and Metrology
RCPA Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia
ROA Real Instituto y Observatorio de la Armada, San Fernando (Spain)
Rostekhregulirovaniye Rostekhregulirovaniye of Russia (Russian Federation)
RTR of Russia Rostekhregulirovaniye of Russia (Russian Federation)
SAC Stazione Astronomica de Cagliari (Cagliari Astronomical Observatory) (Italy)
SADCMET SADC Cooperation in Measurement Traceability
SAMTS State Agency for Metrological and Technical Surveillance (Bulgaria)
SASO Saudi Arabian Standards Organization, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia)
SEMETRO Seminário Internacional de Metrologia Elétrica
SENCAMER Servicio Autónomo Nacional de Normalización, Calidad, Metrología y Reglamentos Técnicos (Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of))
SFSM Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology
SIM Sistema Interamericano de Metrología/Inter-American Metrology System
SIRIM formerly Standards and Industrial Research Institute of Malaysia (Malaysia) --see NML-SIRIM
SL State Laboratory (Ireland)
SMB Service de la Métrologie Belge, Brussels (Belgium)
SMU Slovenský Metrologický Ústav/Slovak Institute of Metrology, Bratislava (Slovakia)
SNAS Slovak National Accreditation Service, Bratislava (Slovakia)
SNIIM Siberian Scientific and Research Institute for Metrology, Rostekhregulirovaniye of Russia, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)
SP Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut/Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Borås (Sweden)
SPIE International Society for Optical Engineering
SPRING Singapore (formerly the PSB) Standards, Productivity and Innovation Board, Singapore (Singapore)
SRG Special Rapporteur Group (of the ITU)
SRPI Swedish Radiation Protection Authority, Stockholm (Sweden) --see SSI
SSDL Secondary Standards Dosimetry Laboratories
SSI Swedish Radiation Protection Authority (Sweden)
SSIA State Scientific Industrial Association "Metrology", Kharkov (Ukraine)
STU Commission on Physicochemical Symbols, Terminology and Units of the IUPAC
STUK Säteilyturvakeskus, Helsinki (Finland)
SUNAMCO IUPAP Commission for Symbols, Units, Nomenclature, Atomic Masses and Fundamental Constants
TCRI* Technical Committee on Ionizing Radiation --see APMP/TCRI
TempMeko International Symposium on Temperature and Thermal Measurements in Industry and Science
TKK Teknillinen korkeakoulu/Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo (Finland)
TL Telecommunication Laboratories, Ching-Li (Chinese Taipei)
TNO TNO Medical Biological Laboratory, Rijswijk (Netherlands)
TPYCEA Taller de Precisión y Centro Electrotécnico de Artilleria (Spain)
TUG Technical University, Graz (Austria)
UBA Umweltbundesamt (Federal Environment Agency) (Germany)
UBA Umweltbundesamt (Austria)
UME Ulusal Metroloji Enstitüsü/National Metrology Institute, Gebze-Kocaeli (Turkey)
UN United Nations
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNIIM Ural Scientific and Research Institute for Metrology, Rostekhregulirovaniye of Russia, Yekaterinburg (Russian Federation)
URSI International Union of Radio Science/Union Radio-Scientifique Internationale
USNO U.S. Naval Observatory, Washington DC (United States of America)
UST University of Science and Technology, Daejeon (Republic of Korea)
UTE Administración Nacional de Usinas y Transmisiones Eléctricas (Uruguay)
UVWG Working Group on UV Radiometry
VAMAS Versailles Project on Advanced Materials and Standards
VNIIFTRI Institute for Physical-Technical and Radiotechnical Measurements, Rostekhregulirovaniye of Russia, Moscow (Russian Federation)
VNIIM D.I. Mendeleyev Institute for Metrology, Rostekhregulirovaniye of Russia, St Petersburg (Russian Federation)
VNIIMS Institute for Metrological Service, Rostekhregulirovaniye of Russia, Moscow (Russian Federation)
VNIIOFI Institute for Optico-Physical Measurements, Rostekhregulirovaniye of Russia, Moscow (Russian Federation)
VNIIR Institute for Flow Metering, Rostekhregulirovaniye of Russia, Kazan (Russian Federation)
VSL* Van Swinden Laboratorium, Delft (Netherlands) --see NMi-VSL
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo (Finland)
WADA World Anti-Doping Agency
WGGTI GalileoSat Working Group on the Galileo Time Interface
WGKC Working Group on Key Comparisons
WHO World Health Organization
WMO World Meteorological Organization
WMO/GAW WMO Global Atmosphere Watch Programme, Geneva (Switzerland)
WTO World Trade Organization
ZMDM Federal Bureau of Measures and Precious Metals
Scientific terms/programmes
ACES Atomic Clock Ensemble in Space
ADELA Dynamical Astronomy in Latin America
AFM Atomic force microscope
AUV Acoustics, ultrasound and vibration
BTX Benzene, toluene, xylene
CCC Cryogenic current comparator
CCD Charge-coupled device
CFC Chlorofluorocarbon
CGS Three-dimensional coherent unit system based on the three mechanical units centimetre, gram and second
CIPM MRA CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement
CMC Calibration and Measurement Capabilities
CMM Coordinate measuring machine
COMAR Database for certified reference materials (COde of Reference MAterials)
COUNT "Counting Electrons One by One: Measurement of Very Small Electrical Currents" (research project supported by the European Commission)
CRM Certified reference materials
CT Computer-assisted tomography
DCC Digital command control
DEA Diplôme d'Études Approfondies
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid
EAL Free Atomic Time Scale/Échelle Atomique Libre
EGNOS European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service
EGS Electron gamma showers
EIS Environmental impact statement
ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbant essay
EPR Electron paramagnetic resonance
EQAS External quality assessment scheme
FEL Type of lamp supplied by General Electric Co. (United States)
FRS Facility of Radiation Standards
FT-IR Fourier transform, infrared
GLONASS Global Navigation Satellite System
GMT Greenwich Mean Time --see UTC
GNSS Global Navigation Satellite System(s)
GPS Global Positioning System
GPT Gas-phase titration
GRACE Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment
GST Galileo System Time
GUM Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement
HIMERT Pan-European project for the development of metal-carbon eutectics as temperature standards
HTML Hypertext mark-up language
HVL Half-value layer
IAC International Avogadro Coordination project
ICRS International Celestial Reference System
IDGC/MS Isotope Dilution Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry
IDLC/MS Isotope Dilution Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry
IDMS Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry
IGEX International GLONASS Experiment
IGLOS-PP International GLONASS Service Pilot Project
INAA Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis
IPSAS International Public Sector Accounting Standard
IR Infrared
IT Information technology
ITRF International Terrestrial Reference Frame
ITS-90 International Temperature Scale of 1990
IVD in vitro diagnostic
JPS Javad Positioning System
KCDB BIPM Key Comparison Database
KCRV Key Comparison Reference Value
KTP Potassium titanyl phosphate
LED Light-emitting diode
LET Linear energy transfer
LS Liquid scintillation
MAD median absolute deviation (about the median)
MADe robust estimate of the median absolute deviation (MAD)
MEO Medium Earth Orbit (satellite)
MJD Modified Julian Day
MRA CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement
NDT Non-destructive testing
NMI National metrology institute
NMS National measurement system
NTRM NIST traceable reference material
PARCS Primary Atomic Reference Clock in Space
PCB Polychlorinated biphenyl
PET Positron emission tomography
PHARAO Projet d'horloge atomique à refroidissement d'atomes en orbite
PLTS-2000 Provisional Low Temperature Scale of 2000
QHE Quantum Hall effect
QHR Quantum Hall resistance
RACE Rubidium Atomic Clock Experiment
RBE Relative biological effectiveness
REUNIAM EURAMET Joint Research Project for the redefinition of the ampere
RMO Regional metrology organization
RSD Relative standard deviation
SAW Surface acoustic waves
SBAS Satellite-based augmentation system
SET Single electron tunnelling
SETamp Research project on single electron tunnelling devices linked to the COUNT project
SI International System of Units
SIMS Secondary ion mass spectrometry
SINIS Superconductor-insulator-normal metal-insulator-super-conductor
SIR International Reference System for gamma-ray emitting radionuclides
SIS Superconductor-insulator-superconductor
SLR Satellite laser ranging
SPRT Standard platinum resistance thermometer
SQUID Superconducting Quantum Interference Device
SRM Standard reference material
SRP Standard reference photometer
SSDL Secondary Standards Dosimetry Laboratories
SUMO Superconducting microwave oscillator
SUMO Superconducting microwave oscillator
TA Atomic Time/Temps atomique
TAI International Atomic Time/Temps atomique international
TCG Geocentric Coordinated Time/Temps-coordonnée géocentrique
TDCR Triple-to-double coincidence ratio method
TT Terrestrial Time
TWSTFT Two-way Satellite Time and Frequency Transfer
URL Universal Resource Locator
UT Universal Time
UTC Coordinated Universal Time
UV Ultraviolet
VAM Valid Analytical Measurement (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
VAMAS The Versailles project on advanced materials and standards
VIM International Vocabulary of Basic and General Terms in Metrology
VLBI Very long baseline interferometry
WAAS Wide Area Augmentation System
WAFAC Wide-Angle Free-Air Chamber
XPS X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy
YAG Yttrium aluminium garnet